HISTORY WRITTEN IN DOMESTIC AND NATIONAL PRODUCTION IN RAILWAY SYSTEMS.- Dr. İlhami Pektaş

 

There is a great need for railway system public transport systems in inner city and intercity public transportation in Turkey. Especially in the cities with a population of 1 million and over, thousands of kilometers of rail transportation network and hundreds of rail transportation vehicles are needed in the coming years. 26.200 kilometers of rail system infrastructure will be made in total by 2023, 25.000 kilometers of which is railways and 1.200 kilometers of which is inner city rail system. In addition to the current 4400 High-Speed Trains, EMU, DMU Locomotives, Trams, Metros and LRT rail transport systems, 10.000 new rail transport vehicles will be purchased. The purchase need for rail systems is about 100 billion USD, including the infrastructure.

Domestic and national manufacturing is the key of the development. The public undertakes a significant leverage to develop our national industry with the purchase of approximately 140 billion TL per year. “The Turkish industrialists have the power to easily produce these purchases, and terminate dependence on foreign sources.

51 % domestic contribution requirement was added to the 324 metro vehicles purchase agreement with the efforts of ARUS and its members. The tender for the purchase was made by Ankara Metropolitan Municipality and won by CRRG-MNG, the Chinese partnership, in 2012. 51 % domestic contribution has been a great influence in our country, and has been a milestone for the industry of Turkey. The domestic contribution requirement in all public tenders, which has gradually increased since that time, is over 60%. Not only with the use of domestic contribution in tenders but also with the production of national brands, national brands have started serving in the cities since 2012.

The best examples of the national brands are 18 SilkWorm trams and 60 Green City light rail transportation vehicles produced for Bursa Metropolitan Municipality, 12 Panorama– national brand- trams manufactured for Kocaeli Metropolitan Municipality and 8 Panorama trams produced for Samsun Metropolitan Municipality which were manufactured by Durmazlar; and 30 Talas– national brand- trams produced for Kayseri Metropolitan Municipality by Bozankaya, 18 Istanbul– national brand- trams manufactured for Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality by Istanbul transportation. Today, these vehicles serve in Bursa, Kayseri and Istanbul.

The domestic contribution level in the production of 146 domestic and national brand rail transport vehicles that have been produced in our country since 2012 has exceeded 60% and 88 metro vehicles which have been produced for Bangkok/ Thailand by Bozankaya have paved the way for export.

In addition, the tender of high speed trains with 250 km/h speed will be made by TCDD (Turkish State Railway). At the first stage, 20 sets of these high speed trains will be produced with 10 % domestic contribution; at second stage 60 sets of high speed trains will be produced with 53 % domestic contribution and at third stage 16 sets of national brand high speed trains will be manufactured with 74% domestic contribution and will have a unique design.

With the request and support of TCDD and with the cooperation of TÜBİTAK Marmara Research Center and ITU, following the production of E-1000 National Electric Shunting Locomotive, the Project for Developing E-5000 Type National Electric Locomotive started. E-5000 type national electric locomotive whose project is expected to last for 4 years will be produced in TÜLOMSAŞ as the most powerful railway vehicle designed and produced in Turkey.

It is planned that 80% domestic contribution will be required in the tender for 1100 metro vehicles made by Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality.

As a result of these developments, with the circular no. 2017/22 named Use of Domestic Products for the use of 51% domestic products in rail systems which was published by the Prime Ministry on 07.11.2017, the way of domestic and national production has been paved, which is the first in our country. By means of the Circular making legal arrangement on the production of rail transport systems including the municipalities, a new era for the Railway sector has started. The first implementation of the circular was made in the tender for tram purchase made by Kocaeli Metropolitan Municipality on 22 November.This circular will the example for not only in the rail systems sector but also in all industrial sector products, and will lead up the other sectors.

 

In order for the circular to be successful, increasing the domestic contribution on only critical significant parts such as traction motor and control systems is not enough. It is also necessary that the final product should be aimed to be a national brand in the tender agreement, and the circular should become a law. Based on the law; in addition to the 51 % domestic contribution in critical parts, the tender should be given to a national company or a national partnership comprised of a few companies which has 51% domestic contribution, is strong in terms of capital, and 51 % domestic and national. If this national company or national partnership needs, it may choose a foreign company which could be the financier up to 49 % for the technology transfer, and could generate a consortium. The consortium that is generated as 51 % national or the domestic and national company which wins the tender should have all the IP (licence, patent, know-how etc.) rights for the manufactured product.

This is the only way that national industry will improve, sub-industry and technology will develop rapidly, export will increase, there will be a great progress in narrowing the foreign trade deficit and preventing the unemployment.

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